This standard provides a framework and basic rules on environmental management related to concrete and concrete structures. This includes the assessment of the environmental impacts and methods of implementing environmental improvement based on the assessment. This standard covers the environmental impact of concrete and concrete structures from cradle to grave. It is applied after the production of concrete or the construction of a concrete structure is decided. This standard is used when assessing the environmental impacts and implementing environmental management of concrete and concrete structures for the environmental consideration in activities related to the production, recycling and disposal of concrete and the design, execution, use, and demolition of concrete structures. It is applied for their entire lifecycles, respective stages of the lifecycles, or certain ranges of the lifecycles. This standard is relevant to newly produced concrete and newly constructed concrete structures, and also existing concrete and concrete structures. This standard is applied not only to single concretes but also to concrete families and not only to single concrete structures but also to concrete structure complexes. For materials other than concrete, the related ISO standards shall apply where available. In the case where no ISO standard is available, such materials should be appropriately dealt with referring to this standard and the normative references. The environments covered by this standard include the global, regional and local environments. The indoor pollution of buildings and the environments for workers in concrete producing plants and on concrete structure construction sites are not specifically covered by this standard. This standard does not directly deal with the environmental impacts resulting from the operation of equipments installed in concrete structures. However, the special properties of concrete and concrete structures affecting the operational efficiency of such equipments are considered in this standard. NOTE – 1 – ISO 16814 (Building environment design – Indoor air quality – Methods of expressing the quality of indoor air for human occupancy) is available as standards for the indoor pollution of buildings. NOTE – 2 – The working environments of plants and construction sites are generally prescribed by industrial safety and health laws. NOTE – 3 – In buildings, global warming substances are mainly emitted from energy consumption due to the operation of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning equipment. NOTE – 4 – The beneficial effects such as thermal mass and other functions of concrete and concrete structures may be taken into account. This standard covers secondary effects of the production of concrete and execution of concrete structures. NOTE – The secondary effects include the future possibility of leaching of heavy metals from concrete or the absorption of heavy metals from the environment, the effect of waste treatments on the environment, etc. This standard also may cover the economic and social effects of environmental consideration in the production of concrete and execution of concrete structures.