This International Standard provides guidance for an organization to plan, design, develop, operate, maintain and improve an effective and efficient dispute resolution process for complaints that have not been resolved by the organization. This International Standard is applicable to: - complaints relating to the organization’s products intended for or required by customers, the complaints handling process or dispute resolution process; and - resolution of domestic and cross border disputes, including those arising from electronic commerce. This International Standard is intended for use by organizations regardless of type, size and product provided, and addresses: - guidance on determining when and how organizations might wish to participate in dispute resolution; - guidance on the selection of providers and use of their services; - top management involvement in and commitment to dispute resolution and deployment of adequate resources within the organization; - the essentials for fair, suitable, transparent, and accessible dispute resolution; - guidance on management of an organization’s participation in dispute resolution; and - monitoring, evaluating and improving the dispute resolution process. NOTE – This International Standard is particularly aimed at dispute resolution between an organization and: - individuals purchasing or using products for personal or household purposes; or - small businesses. This International Standard is not intended for certification or for contractual purposes. It does not apply to the resolution of other types of disputes, such as employment disputes. It is not intended to change any rights or obligations provided by applicable statutory or regulatory requirements. This International Standard does not apply to complaints handling within an organization.